Tag Archives: Buffalo Creek

We Have Learned Nothing from Buffalo Creek

Fossil Fuel industry continues to extract riches from West Virginia as people suffer

LOGAN, W.Va. – Forty-seven years ago today, 125 West Virginians died when the Buffalo Creek Mining Company waste containment pond dam burst at the head of Buffalo Creek, releasing 135 million gallons of water, sludge and mud to form a 30-foot high wall of debris that rushed through the valley below. In addition to the dead, several thousand people were displaced and approximately 1,000 homes destroyed.

While I was only 15 at the time, I remember it well. That is because on the next day, a Sunday, the youngest priest in our parish – Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in Clarksburg, W.Va. – did not mince words in his homily. He unapologetically launched into a stinging criticism of the coal industry and state officials, who he considered complicit in the tragedy. His homily drove a wedge not only in the parish, but in many families. As an idealistic teenager, I found myself at odds with my dad, who was not pleased that the priest had used Mass to speak to a current event – especially in Coal Country. He and my mom had quite a donnybrook that afternoon after Mass. That they did was not surprising; dad had a business perspective, mom a social justice point-of-view.

I remained quiet, but it was at that moment that I began to question the propaganda of the coal industry. I don’t question it anymore. I KNOW it is cowpatties.

Six or seven years after the tragedy, Sarah and I were visiting another priest and close family friend who was stationed in Logan at the time. He took us on a “tour” of the area. Evidence of the devastation remained, and old mining houses with families living in abject poverty lined the dirt roads. I recall thinking that once the TV cameras and reporters with their notepads left the scene, the area returned to business as usual.

That is still the case.

The death and destruction resulting from Mountaintop Removal is thoroughly documented here and elsewhere. I have written here about at least a dozen reasons that fracking is bad for all living things. Additionally the rush by energy companies such as Duke Energy, Dominion Resources, Consol Energy and others to build the Atlantic Coast Pipeline, Mountain Valley Pipeline and several others is trampling upon individual rights, threatening endangered species and unspoiled forest land. It also poses a clear and present danger to human life, as there have literally been hundreds of pipeline explosions and other health problems since the turn of the century, such as the child pictured who suffers from nosebleeds and other ailments due to living in the midst of the fracking fields in northern West Virginia.

Meanwhile, lawmakers in all three states are displaying an appalling lack of historical awareness, gutting laws that protect people and the environment from the deadly practices of the industry.

In short, it is business as usual. As we learned from Buffalo Creek, that is a disaster waiting to happen.

© Michael Mathers Barrick, 2015-2019. Buffalo Creek photo credit: James Hagood Collection 2048 05. MTR and child photo courtesy of Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition.


A Mother’s Quarrel with West Virginia

A lament for children

By Sarah B. Barrick

I am no stranger to inequality and suffering. I was raised in Charlotte, N.C. during the desegregation of public schools. I never understood why African-American children, who were my equal in God’s eyes – and because of my faith and experience, in my eyes as well – should be treated like second-class citizens. Slavery seemed a thing in the distant history of our country. I didn’t realize how far we had to go (and still do) to correct this horrible human injustice. But, racism is still a problem in this country. The voices of people who have so much to give to this society of ours are still left unheard in too many instances.

View from a quiet spot in West Virginia's Kanawha Valley

View from a quiet spot in West Virginia’s Kanawha Valley

I met the love of my life in my 21st year. It was 1978. He was handsome, smart, defiant and from the state of West Virginia. I worked in the main hospital in Charlotte as a Radiologic Technologist and he was a paramedic. We met on a blind date. Our first trip together was to visit his home state which he dearly loved. In the process, I got to meet his family as well. Now, North Carolina has some awesome mountains, but I’d never been inclined to really investigate them. This trip to West Virginia was eye-opening. The mountains were so beautiful. It seemed as if one could climb closer to God as the elevation increased. I was amazed at the carpeted landscape that went on and on. I fell in love with the Mountain State. A lot of that had to do with my love, Michael. And, honestly, I never knew what the spirit of welcoming was until I met his family. Being a shy, introverted person, I was nervous. They – in particular his dear mother – welcomed me and treated me as part of the family. I did become part of the family and Michael’s parents augmented the meaning and beauty of family for me.

There is another family member with no blood relation but that is in every sense of the word “family” to each member. He is a Catholic Priest. His name is Alan. It was imperative to Michael that I meet this all-important member of his family. So, Michael took me from Bridgeport, where his Mom and Dad lived, to Logan. We met at the rectory where Alan lived. It was ancient and lovely. There were nuns who cooked and cleaned and served us dinner, including some of the best wine I’ve ever tasted. The guest rooms were comfortable and his every need was attended to.

It seemed to me Alan had it made. I fell in love with Alan immediately too, although there was something unsettling about him. He had all the sensitivity and insight and wisdom one would expect from a man who vowed to shepherd others in his devotion to God. Besides all that, there was sadness mixed with love in his eyes. Alan took Michael and me on a trip to see the remote areas of Logan County. In particular, we saw Buffalo Creek, where in 1972 a disaster had struck. It was the most destructive man-made flood in West Virginia’s history. Alan had a four-wheel drive, which was necessary, because the roads remaining there could only be navigated in such a vehicle. We drove by some of the remaining homes that the mining industry had built for its workers. Some were still inhabited. The image that is forever burned in my mind is that of a mother and several stair-step children standing outside of their home looking at us as we passed. They had no shoes on their feet. It was not a warm day. The children weren’t playing. They didn’t look as if they had the energy for that.

I was almost angry at Alan for exposing me to this pitiful sight. And, he never stopped the narrative of the flood. How it happened because the mining company had not done their job to protect the people. How it could have been avoided. How 125 people lost their lives. And, families left behind, like the one I’d seen, were all too common. This was his parish.
This is also home to the Battle of Blair Mountain, which I believe, we discussed at some length that night at dinner. It was the first time I had heard of Mother Jones, the United Mine Workers and how forces within the state and without saw to it that the miners would not be allowed to unionize. In 1921, it took five days of battle with over a million rounds of ammunition fired before it ended. Although the miners lost their battle, it raised awareness of the horrible, dangerous conditions miners faced in the West Virginia coalfields.

Canyon at Blackwater Falls State Park

Canyon at Blackwater Falls State Park

For the next several years, my husband and I would spend every vacation visiting one West Virginia state park or another. My favorite is Blackwater Falls, but I love them all. The history of West Virginia was a regular discussion and although I knew of the hard lives of its people, I once again developed a fairy-tale romance of the state. It is so very beautiful. The wildlife is abundant, the vistas breathtaking. Then, my husband was ready for college. He had chosen the life of a paramedic right out of high school. And, having witnessed life at its worst and best, he knew he was ready to further his education. So, we decided to move back to the Mountain State. I worked in a small community hospital and he received a degree in English and in history at Glenville State College.

While he was going to college, I was in a different school. Many of the patients that I saw in this small hospital were impoverished. Their attention to their children’s healthcare in some cases was nothing short of neglect. And, abuse was common. As a professional healthcare worker, I took it all in stride except I couldn’t understand how people could be so resigned, in an almost prideful way, to live in poverty. It was in their faces, in the dilapidated houses, in the unwashed children, in the way they were suspicious of any outsider.

Then, having never entertained the idea of becoming a parent myself, I had a revelation. I must become a mother or my life would be meaningless. This sounds strange, but be that as it may, it is what I experienced. So, with Michael’s agreement, our beautiful daughter, Lindsay, was born. I had a perfect pregnancy and delivery by a doctor whose name lives on for all the good he did in this community. Everyone in Labor and Delivery treated me like a queen. They allowed Lindsay to sleep with me. That was years before it was a common practice. After six weeks, I returned to work.

My life had changed. I no longer could look at these poor, unwashed, sometimes abused children with the same eyes. I excused myself regularly to go have a good cry. Each child was somehow my own and the thought that they would possibly perish for lack of decent care broke my heart. I got called in to the hospital in the middle of the night to x-ray an abused two-year-old with a fractured skull. I had to tie the screaming child down in order to obtain the much needed film. He died in the helicopter on the way to Morgantown. After my husband finished his college education and I was pregnant with our second child, I could not wait to get out of the Mountain State. I had seen enough.

I still love West Virginia. And we are back here now for reasons that are very important. We live in Bridgeport where life is picture-perfect – if you don’t count the corruption in the county’s politics. People are friendly. Education and sports are highly revered.

But, you don’t have to go far to see that neglect and abuse is still taking place. But it just isn’t children who are victims. Whole families are. Big oil and gas harm the environment and threaten public health and safety, including those working in the industry; and, lottery sales provide slim hopes to those looking for an easy way out.

West Virginia is like a beautiful woman who is repeatedly raped. Each time she loses a bit of herself. Pollution of the streams and rivers speak of it. Mountaintops that once were and now are not, speak of it. As a result, people are abandoning their beautiful farms.

She is still beautiful. What can be done to keep her from losing more of herself? When will education and health care for every child, poor or wealthy, finally become a priority? And, when will we decide that turning our faces away from the pollution and destruction that is the by-product of mining her resources a sin? What will the Mountain State be for our grandchildren? Why don’t we think in those terms? When is enough, enough? These are the questions I first asked 36 years ago. It is a shame we must continue to ask them.

© Sarah B. Barrick / Appalachian Chronicle, 2014.